Client Newsletters Advisor Newsletters


If You Die Without a Will, Does Your Spouse Inherit Your Entire Estate?

Posted on: October 14th, 2014
If You Die Without a Will, Does Your Spouse Inherit Your Entire Estate?
 
If you are married and you die without a Last Will and Testament, you may mistakenly believe that your spouse will still inherit your entire estate.  Not so fast.  Who will inherit your estate depends on several different factors:
 
1.   How is your property titled?  Is your property titled in your name alone, in joint names with your spouse, in joint names with a child or other relative, or does it have a beneficiary designated?  Knowing how all of your property is titled is the real key to understanding who will inherit it after you die.  For example, if your home is titled in joint names with rights of survivorship with your spouse, then your spouse will inherit the home.  However, if it is titled in your name alone, then your spouse may or may not inherit the home as determined by applicable state laws.  These laws are referred to in the U.S. as “intestacy laws” and are discussed below in item #3. 
 
2.   Did you and your spouse sign a prenuptial or postnuptial agreement?  The right to inherit property from your spouse can be legally waived in a valid agreement signed before you get married (a prenuptial or premarital agreement), or after you get married (a postnuptial agreement).  If you and your spouse entered into such an agreement, then the legal effect of a full waiver of inheritance rights is to treat your spouse as having predeceased you.  You and your spouse may also agree to only waive certain inheritance rights, such as the right to inherit your IRA or 401(k). 
 
3.   What does your state’s intestacy laws say?  You may be surprised to learn that the intestacy laws of many U.S. states do not require the entire estate of a deceased married person to be distributed to their surviving spouse.  In some states the surviving spouse must divide the estate with the deceased spouse’s children, if any, otherwise with the deceased spouse’s parents or siblings.  When real estate is involved, this may lead to a family feud.  For example, the surviving spouse may want to sell the real estate and the children or parents may want to keep the real estate.  Also, if you own real estate located outside of your home state, then the intestacy laws of the other state will govern who will inherit your real estate located there, while the laws of your home state will govern who will inherit everything else.  This could result in different beneficiaries of your out-of-state real estate and the rest of your estate, leaving your family with quite a mess.
 
What Should You Do?
If you are married and you want your spouse to inherit all of your property, then the only way to be assured that this will happen is to consult with an attorney who is familiar with the inheritance laws in your state and any other state where you own real estate (yes, you may need to consult with two different attorneys).  The attorney will be able to review how all of your assets are titled and then help you determine the options for making sure that your spouse will be the only beneficiary of your estate.
Share |

Comments (0)



Post a comment
You have to login or register in order to post comments
Forgot Password? Enter Login Email


Login

Your Email:
Password:
Remember me
ILP + Request More Info
Please enter the security code:
ILP + Social Media
WealthCounsel EstatePlanning.com ElderCounsel Advisors Forum
ILP+ Arkansas
The Arkansas Offices of McChain Miller Nissman
10809 Executive Center Dr. Suite 320
Little Rock, AR 72211
Phone: (800) 827-7784
www.ilparkansas.com
© ILP. All rights reserved
http://www.ilpplus.com